Kimberley Process Regional Approach for the Mano River Union in West Africa

IMPACT was a member of the technical team supporting Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone in developing a joint plan to address the illicit trade of diamonds and to ensure Kimberley Process (KP) compliance through the Regional Approach for the Mano River Union.

IMPACT’s participation as part of the technical team supporting the KP Regional Approach for the Mano River Union ended in 2017.

The Regional Approach was established by the KP to develop a shared strategy to improve KP compliance in Mano River Union countries. The strategy aims to harmonizing laws and policies, improve internal controls in keeping with the KP, and reduce opportunities for diamond smuggling. The Regional Approach provides a forum for sensitization of the region’s stakeholders—in particular, government actors—and opportunities for capacity building. As a member of the technical team, we share best practices on diamond governance, including recommendations on how to tackle smuggling.

We also provide capacity building to stakeholders including policymakers, private sector, and civil society actors on the implementation of KP internal controls and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. Regular meetings and workshops in the region allow for stakeholders to identify challenges and to develop and monitor implementation of risk mitigation strategies.


Funding for our work to promote diamond governance in Mano River Union countries was provided by the European Union from 2014 to 2017. With earlier funding from the European Union, we participated in the original scoping mission to the Mano River Union region in 2013 that identified shared challenges, opportunities, and interest among the four countries to develop a Regional Approach to KP compliance.

Recent Highlights

The West African El Dorado: Mapping the Illicit Trade of Gold in Côte d'Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso

January 2017
Partnership Africa Canada investigates challenges in the governance of artisanal gold mining in the three countries—and the vulnerabilities posed by the illicit trade of gold on the region.

From Conflict to Illicit: Mapping the Diamond Trade from Central African Republic to Cameroon

December 2016
Partnership Africa Canada investigates how conflict diamonds from the Central African Republic are entering international markets through Cameroon. The report details how Cameroon's failure to implement internal controls required by the Kimberley Process has led to smuggling of diamonds from CAR, corruption among officials charged with verifying origins of diamonds, and large shipments of embargoed conflict diamonds passing through Cameroon's transit hubs undeclared.