Guinea


IMPACT in Guinea


Our work in Guinea focuses on supporting new approaches to natural resource management.


Guinea has exceptional mineral wealth, yet its people are amongst the poorest in West Africa. Guinea has a population of 12.6 million people, and nearly three quarters is living in poverty, with a lack of education, health, and adequate living standards.

Corruption, political instability, and poor infrastructure have limited Guineans ability to benefit from their natural resources. Past conflict and insecurity have resulted in resource mismanagement and impacted development.

Agriculture is the main pillar of Guinea’s economy, employing more than three quarters of the labour force. Meanwhile, the mining sector provides more than a quarter of the state’s revenues, and hundreds of thousands of Guineans participate in artisanal mining.

Guinea is a member of the Kimberley Process and is required to put in place internal controls that certify the origin of its rough diamonds as conflict-free. Despite being a member of the KP, the country still struggles with the illicit trade of diamonds and other minerals, losing important tax revenue. It is a member of the Regional Approach for the Mano River Union, collaborating with its neighbours Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia, and Sierra Leone to strengthen KP compliance.


Resources

Guinea has one of the world’s largest bauxite reserves, accounting for more than a quarter of known global reserves. Other key natural resources include iron ore, diamond, gold, uranium, water, and fish.



We Reveal

Our research in West Africa investigates the drivers of the illicit trade of conflict-prone natural resources and highlights recommendations for the region’s countries, including Guinea. We examine issues such as formalization of the artisanal mining sector, fiscal reform, harmonization of legislation, and strengthening of internal controls to end smuggling.

We also provided analysis of certification, traceability, and due diligence as it applies to diamonds and gold in the region.

We Innovate

As part of our work to transform mineral supply chains, we’ve led efforts to support KP internal controls and due diligence, while promoting benefits for Guinea’s miners and their communities.

We are member of the technical team supporting the KP Regional Approach for the Mano River Union, assisting the development of a strategy to address the illicit trade of diamonds and KP compliance.

We share best practices on diamond governance and provide capacity building to Guinean stakeholders, including policymakers, private sector, and civil society actors on the implementation of KP internal controls and OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas.

Through our collaboration with the KP Civil Society Coalition, we provide support to our partner in Guinea to participate in the KP, as well as support and spotlight their capacity for independent monitoring of traceability and due diligence in the natural resource sector.

We Engage

We drive dialogue with our partners in Guinea, including policymakers and the private sector to implement due diligence and improved traceability as well to ensure benefits reach miners and their communities.

Through our partnership with the KP Civil Society Coalition, civil society from Guinea and West Africa brings the voices and concerns of artisanal miners to industry and governments. Together, we engage governments to strengthen their internal controls, and encourage the private sector to put in place traceability and due diligence for their mineral supply chains.


Recent Highlights


Kimberley Process Regional Approach for the Mano River Union in West Africa

IMPACT is a member of the technical team supporting Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone in developing a joint plan to address the illicit trade of diamonds and to ensure Kimberley Process (KP) compliance through the Regional Approach for the Mano River Union.

 

Past Research Reports


West Africa: Rocks in a Hard Place. The Political Economy of Diamonds and Regional Destabilization

May 2003
This report exposes the continuing crises of armed violence in the West African sub-region by highlighting the role and influence of diamonds and concludes with recommendations for the UN Security Council and the Kimberley Process.
Download the report

Destablizing Guinea: Diamonds, Charles Taylor and the Potential for Wider Humanitarian Catastrophe

October 2001
This report traces the development of Guinea’s diamond industry and discusses the devastating attacks by Sierra Leonean rebels in 2000 and 2001, arguing that the objective was part of a wider scheme to destabilize the region and to further Liberian President Charles Taylor’s regional economic ambitions.
Download the report

Despite Last Minute Overtures, Civil Society Boycotts Conflict Diamond Meeting in Dubai

“Rigour” Needed in Kimberley Process Chair’s Newest Proposals Ottawa, Canada—November 10, 2016 Civil society who are members of…

Civil Society Boycotts Conflict Diamonds Certification Scheme

Civil Society Boycotts Conflict Diamonds Certification Scheme Appointing UAE as Chair of Kimberley Process is “Red Line” Luanda,…

Civil Society Coalition Speech at KP Intersessional - June 2014

June 10, 2014 Today at the Kimberley Process Intersessional in Shanghai, China, PAC’s research director, Alan Martin, delivered…

Opening Comments to the Kimberley Process Intersessional

Please see attached for the opening comments from the Kimberley Process Civil Society Coalition, given at Kimbereley Process…

Kimberley Process lets Zimbabwe off the hook (again)

November 2, 2011 The Kimberley Process (KP) has thrown away its main point of leverage over the Zimbabwean…

Civil society expresses vote of no confidence in conflict diamond scheme

June 23, 2011 Activist organisations today expressed a vote of no confidence in the Kimberley Process, and walked…

Diamond meeting ends without consensus on Zimbabwe

Serious challenges ahead for landmark certification scheme, say NGOs June 24, 2010 The lack of consensus among Kimberley…

Failure to suspend Zimbabwe from blood diamond scheme undermines efforts to end abuses and clean up international trade

November 6, 2009 The Kimberley Process (KP) rough diamond certification scheme failed to reach a consensus to suspend…

Global Diamond Certification System Failing

Smuggling, human rights abuse and government inaction threaten global scheme, says Canadian NGO October 15, 2009 The Kimberley…

Diamond meeting makes some progress but governments need to renew commitments, say Civil Society Groups

June 26, 2009 A coalition of civil society organisations acknowledged some progress at the close of the sixth…

Blood diamonds - time to plug the leaks

Civil Society Groups warn Kimberley Process effectiveness compromised June 19, 2009 A landmark scheme established in 2003 to…