Côte d’Ivoire

IMPACT in Côte d’Ivoire

Our work in Côte d’Ivoire focuses on supporting new approaches to natural resource management.

Originally named for a thriving ivory trade, Côte d’Ivoire has more recently been known for its abundance of other natural resources. Yet, more than half of Côte d’Ivoire’s 22.7 million people live in poverty. The population lacks not only income but also faces poor education, health, and living standards. Now, despite recent conflict, the country is looking towards sustainable peace and development.

Côte d’Ivoire remains amongst the world’s top cocoa producers, and is a leading global exporter of coffee and palm oil. While almost 70% of Ivorian people are still engaged in agricultural activities, since the end of the civil war there has been a surge in artisanal mining. The government estimates there are approximately 500,000 artisanal gold miners in the country.

Diamonds are an equally important resource. Côte d’Ivoire is a member of the Kimberley Process (KP) and is required to put in place internal controls that certify the origin of its rough diamonds as conflict-free. During the civil war, diamond exports from the country were under KP embargo, with sanctions lifted in 2014.

Today, the country still struggles with the illicit trade of diamonds and other minerals, losing important tax revenue. It is a member of the Regional Approach for the Mano River Union, collaborating with its neighbours Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone to strengthen KP compliance.


Côte d’Ivoire’s key natural resources include cocoa, oil and gas, rubber, diamonds, cobalt, copper, timber, water, and fish.

We Reveal

We Reveal

Our research in West Africa investigates the drivers of the illicit trade of conflict-prone natural resources and highlights recommendations for the region’s countries, including Côte d’Ivoire. We examine issues such as formalization of the artisanal mining sector, fiscal reform, harmonization of legislation, and strengthening of internal controls to end smuggling.

We also provided analysis of certification, traceability, and due diligence as it applies to diamonds and gold in the region.

We Reveal

We Innovate

As part of our work to transform mineral supply chains, we’ve led efforts to support traceability and due diligence, while promoting benefits for Ivorian miners and their communities.

We are member of the technical team supporting the KP Regional Approach for the Mano River Union, assisting the development of a strategy to address the illicit trade of diamonds and KP compliance.

We share best practices on diamond governance and provide capacity building to Ivorian stakeholders, including policymakers, private sector, and civil society actors on the implementation of KP internal controls and OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas.

Through our collaboration with the KP Civil Society Coalition, we provide support to our partner in Côte d’Ivoire to participate in the KP, as well as support and spotlight their capacity for independent monitoring of KP internal controls and due diligence in the natural resource sector.

We Engage

We Engage

We drive dialogue with our partners in Côte d’Ivoire, including policymakers and the private sector to implement due diligence and improved traceability, as well to ensure benefits reach miners and their communities.

Through our partnership with the KP Civil Society Coalition, civil society from Côte d’Ivoire and West Africa brings the voices and concerns of artisanal miners to industry and governments. Together, we engage governments to strengthen their internal controls, and encourage the private sector to put in place traceability and due diligence for their mineral supply chains.

Recent Highlights

Kimberley Process Regional Approach for the Mano River Union in West Africa

IMPACT is a member of the technical team supporting Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone in developing a joint plan to address the illicit trade of diamonds and to ensure Kimberley Process (KP) compliance through the Regional Approach for the Mano River Union.


The West African El Dorado: Mapping the Illicit Trade of Gold in Côte d'Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso

January 2017

Partnership Africa Canada investigates challenges in the governance of artisanal gold mining in the three countries—and the vulnerabilities posed by the illicit trade of gold on the region.

Download the report

Past Research Reports

West Africa: Rocks in a Hard Place. The Political Economy of Diamonds and Regional Destabilization

May 2003
This report exposes the continuing crises of armed violence in the West African sub-region by highlighting the role and influence of diamonds and concludes with recommendations for the UN Security Council and the Kimberley Process.
Download the report

First Responsible, Traceable, and Commercially-Viable Artisanal Gold Supply Chain Operational in Côte d’Ivoire

The Just Gold project is the first to successfully trace responsible artisanal gold from mine site to export…

US Suspension of Conflict Minerals Rule Threatens Progress towards Conflict-Free Supply Chains

February 10, 2017—Ottawa, Canada A reported move by the new United States administration to issue an Executive Order…

Loopholes in Mali’s Export Tax Regime make it a Magnet for the Illicit Trade of Gold in West Africa

Due diligence on West African gold urged as new report reveals discrepancies in production and trade statistics between…

Despite Last Minute Overtures, Civil Society Boycotts Conflict Diamond Meeting in Dubai

“Rigour” Needed in Kimberley Process Chair’s Newest Proposals Ottawa, Canada—November 10, 2016 Civil society who are members of…

Civil society statement at the 10th Forum on Responsible Mineral Supply Chains, Paris, 10-12 May 2016

National and international civil society organisations working to advance transparency and accountability in supply chains welcome this 10th…

New Reports on Artisanal Diamond Mining in Côte d'Ivoire and Democratic Republic of Congo

Social Survey Report into Artisanal Diamond Mining Sites in Kasaï-Oriental Province in the Democratic Republic of Congo presents…

Civil Society Boycotts Conflict Diamonds Certification Scheme

Civil Society Boycotts Conflict Diamonds Certification Scheme Appointing UAE as Chair of Kimberley Process is “Red Line” Luanda,…

Civil Society Coalition Speech at KP Intersessional - June 2014

June 10, 2014 Today at the Kimberley Process Intersessional in Shanghai, China, PAC’s research director, Alan Martin, delivered…

All That Glitters is Not Gold: Dubai, Congo, and the Illicit Trade of Conflict Minerals

May 27, 2014 Dear Friend, Partnership Africa Canada is pleased to provide you with a copy of its…

PAC and the ICGLR sign a Memorandum of Understanding

PAC and the ICGLR sign a Memorandum of Understanding defining areas of cooperation with regard to the Initiative…

Partnership Africa Canada Welcomes First ICGLR-Certified Conflict-Free Mineral Certificates from Rwanda

Ottawa, Canada /Kigali, DRC -November 15, 2013 A leading international organization working in the conflict free mineral sector…

Opening Comments to the Kimberley Process Intersessional

Please see attached for the opening comments from the Kimberley Process Civil Society Coalition, given at Kimbereley Process…

Kimberley Process lets Zimbabwe off the hook (again)

November 2, 2011 The Kimberley Process (KP) has thrown away its main point of leverage over the Zimbabwean…

Civil society expresses vote of no confidence in conflict diamond scheme

June 23, 2011 Activist organisations today expressed a vote of no confidence in the Kimberley Process, and walked…

Electronics, auto makers should commit now to due diligence standards to end trade in conflict minerals

Goma/Kinshasa/London/Ottawa/Paris/Washington- May 26, 2011 The organizations CENADEP – Kinshasa, CCFD-Terre Solidaire, Enough Project, Global Witness, Partnership Africa Canada,…

Canadian organization launches publication on new certification scheme for African conflict minerals

Ottawa– March 23, 2011 A new report that outlines how to develop a regional certification mechanism for tracking…

Diamond meeting ends without consensus on Zimbabwe

Serious challenges ahead for landmark certification scheme, say NGOs June 24, 2010 The lack of consensus among Kimberley…

Rights groups express outrage at state persecution of Zimbabwean activists

June 2, 2010 Civil Society organisations, including Global Witness, Human Rights Watch, and Partnership Africa Canada, today condemned…

Failure to suspend Zimbabwe from blood diamond scheme undermines efforts to end abuses and clean up international trade

November 6, 2009 The Kimberley Process (KP) rough diamond certification scheme failed to reach a consensus to suspend…

Global Diamond Certification System Failing

Smuggling, human rights abuse and government inaction threaten global scheme, says Canadian NGO October 15, 2009 The Kimberley…

Diamond meeting makes some progress but governments need to renew commitments, say Civil Society Groups

June 26, 2009 A coalition of civil society organisations acknowledged some progress at the close of the sixth…

Blood diamonds - time to plug the leaks

Civil Society Groups warn Kimberley Process effectiveness compromised June 19, 2009 A landmark scheme established in 2003 to…