Our research investigates the drivers of the illicit trade of conflict-prone minerals, such as coloured gemstones. We spotlight networks involved in smuggling, examine how lax controls—internally and at trading hubs—facilitate illicit trade, and provide recommendations to support formalization of the artisanal mining sector. We also provide analysis of traceability and due diligence as it applies to the coloured gemstone supply chain.
We have supported the development and implementation of private sector initiatives that promote transparency and due diligence in the coloured gemstone sector, including the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. We provide capacity building and sensitization to policymakers, civil society organizations, and the private sector on their responsibilities with regards to the OECD Due Diligence. We also work with stakeholders to develop strategies to improve controls and end the illicit trade.
Our work to end the illicit trade of coloured gemstones requires significant dialogue between stakeholders to promote traceability and due diligence and to ensure artisanal miners and their communities are benefiting from the minerals. We are a member of the Precious Stones Multi-Stakeholder Working Group (PS-MSWG), which brings together policymakers, industry, and civil society in an effort to strengthen due diligence implementation for precious stones, including coloured gemstones. We also promote sensitization and raise awareness among consumers about the origins of the coloured gemstones they purchase.